Relics collected include pieces of bowls, cups, plates, basins, etc. in the Tran dynasty (13th – 14th centuries) and the Later Le dynasty (17th – 18th centuries).
The place where ancient pottery pieces and sea oysters were found
In June 2017, the Hai Duong provincial Museum was informed by the Division of Culture and Information of Thanh Mien district about the detection of pottery relics in An Khoai hamlet, Tu Cuong commune, Thanh Mien district.
Shortly after that, the provincial Museum coordinated with the district Division of Culture and Information and the People’s Committee of Tu Cuong commune to conduct a field survey.
Vuong Trong Trieu, born in 1986, said in the process of sucking mud and renovating a 5,400 m2 pond in his family’s agricultural converted land on May 20, 2017, he found many pieces of ceramic bowls, cups, plates, basins, etc. 1.5 – 2 m underground. Suspecting that they were related to an ancient tomb, the family informed appropriate authorities for consideration and handling.
The cultivation pond of Trieu’s family in Dong Tro field is the lowest land in the area. In the past, there was the Dong Tro river (also known as Cu Chay) which ran around the village’s field. Because of natural and social changes, the river was buried and turned into Dong Tro field. Nowadays, the river only remains in the memory of elderly people.
During cultivation, people have also found many shells of sea oysters 20 – 30 cm long by the Tieu T1 river, about 1 km from the Cuu An river.
Artifacts obtained through the survey
According to the classification document of An Khoai communal house relic stored at the provincial Museum, a number of bricks and tiles in the Tran dynasty were detected in Dong Tro area, An Khoai hamlet, Tu Cuong commune (two of which are being kept at An Khoai communal house).
Through the field survey, about 50 cm under the pond mud, there was a layer of flat yard 5 – 7 cm thick and about 200 m wide. The layer was broken by the excavator used to renovate the pond of Trieu’s family.
Relics collected include pieces of bowls, cups, plates, basins, etc. in the Tran dynasty (13th – 14th centuries) and the Later Le dynasty (17th – 18th centuries), pieces of gan ga (chicken liver) stone, and a buffalo elbow bone.
The detection of many shells of sea oysters 20 – 30 cm long confirms that An Khoai hamlet has traces of a marine transgression in the region's geological tectonic history millions of years ago. This is also the initial basis for the study of ancient pottery and ceramics in Thanh Mien district.
Ancient pottery production was often organized in wide places convenient for trade like the beginning and end of a village or riverside grounds.
The initial assessment defines that An Khoai hamlet is one of ancient lands of Thanh Mien district. Whether it was a place of ceramic production or not requires further research.
AN MAU - HOANG HUONG