At this time, Thanh Ha farmers are actively taking care of and protecting litchi (lychee/lichee) flowers and fruits, especially in export litchi zone.
Ms. Quach Thi Phuong in hamlet 3, Thanh Xa commune spends a lot of time monitoring the litchi flowers, if any unusual phenomenon occurs, she will immediately fix it
Protecting litchi from the start
As it is now the time of social distancing due to the Covid-19 epidemic, Thanh Ha district has not yet organized any training course to guide people in the care taking process, but all households are actively taking good care of and protecting their litchi.
Mr. Nguyen Van Dai's family in Ha Vinh hamlet, Thanh Quang commune has more than 1,080 m2 of litchi located in the export zone. His family's litchi trees are in the fruiting period. Mr. Dai happily said: "This is the year when litchi trees flower the most in the past 5 years, and it is expected to be a good crop". According to Dai, it is more difficult to take care of litchi in the export zone than outside the zone because there are many requirements. No banned protection products is permitted to use for export litchi, the principle of "4 right" must be strictly complied with, and no pesticide residues is left when the fruit is harvested, and all kinds of used fertilizer must be recorded in a diary.
Ms. Quach Thi Phuong in hamlet 3, Thanh Xa commune has much experience in producing litchi for export for many years, but she is not subjective. The timing of flowering is very important, whether it is a good or bad harvest depends on this stage. So she spends a lot of time monitoring the flowers to see if there is any unusual phenomenon, she will fix it immediately. In some cases, the litchi trees give good flower and fruiting, but it will be a bad harvest if they are incorrectly cared for. Ms. Phuong said in the export litchi zone, people often guide each other how to efficiently produce litchi. Thanks to her experience, just by looking at the leaves, stems and flowers of the trees, she can "diagnose disease" for litchi. Compared with previous years, now people are more accurately aware of the export litchi, so they seriously follow the process. "They have learned from the previous years, some batches of litchi were returned due to poor quality of the fruit and residues of plant protection products", Ms. Phuong said.
Thanh Ha district currently has 3,500 ha of litchi, of which about 2,000 ha of late litchi, the rest is early litchi. Currently, both litchi crops are developing well with the flowering area of 98%. It is expected that Thieu litchi of Thanh Ha will be a good harvest this year. The entire area of litchi here is cultivated according to VietGAP standards, about 500 ha of litchi has been certified meeting VietGAP standards; 30 hectares is cultivated according to GlobalGAP process. The district currently has 155.3 hectares of litchi granted with planting region codes, eligible for export to the US, Japan, Australia...
Expanding export litchi zone
According to the People's Committee of Thanh Ha district, this year the locality continues to expand more than 200 hectares of litchi produced according to export standards, mainly in the communes of Thanh Quang, Thanh Cuong, Thanh Hong, Thanh Son, Thanh Thuy and Thanh Xa. The district requires the commune authorities to select producers with good intensive farming skills and voluntarily register for export litchi zone. These people are required to fully participate in training courses in science and technology transfer, to strictly obey the regulations of the professional agencies so as to produce safe products according to international standards, and eligible for export. Mr. Pham Huy Mo, Head of the District Agriculture and Rural Development Dept., said that it is necessary to have plant quarantine and strict food hygiene and safety assurance for the export litchi zones. There will be agricultural experts or extension workers supervising the maintenance of the litchi planting zone. Any case in the zone that do not strictly comply with the process or break the system will be strictly handled.
The expansion of litchi export zone will continue to create good opportunities for Thanh Ha Thieu litchi in foreign markets. Mr. Ngo Ba Dinh, Vice Chairman of Thanh Ha District People's Committee, said that expanding the litchi export zone also connects and builds sustainable chains to develop the production, expand markets, and increase the value of litchi fruit. Due to the influence of the Covid-19 epidemic, it is likely that litchi fruit will encounter difficulties in consumption this year. Right now the district requires the litchi planting communes and towns to actively improve production capacity for the people, to ensure meeting the standards and requirements of partners. Besides, it is necessary to attach attention to propagating and promoting the image of litchi fruit on the internet and social networks; to innovate the form of litchi consumption promotion based on the actual situation.